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Genomics News (50 articles)



What drives our genes? Salk researchers map the first complete human epigenome

LA JOLLA, CA—Although the human genome sequence faithfully lists (almost) every single DNA base of the roughly 3 billion bases that make up a human genome, it doesn't tell biologists much about how its function is regulated. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute provide the first...

Published on 15 October 2009, 06:56


Landmark Genotyping Study Demonstrates the Power of 454 Sequencing Systems for Immunogenetics

Branford, CT, USA, October 13, 2009 -- A study published online today in the prestigious Nature Medicine journal reports that researchers at the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center have explored a new high-throughput method for decoding one of the most critical genomic regions for the...

Published on 13 October 2009, 07:30


Genomic Signature in Blood Identifies Underlying Viral Infection

Scientists have identified a genomic "signature" in circulating blood that reveals exposure to common upper respiratory viruses, like the cold or flu, even before symptoms appear.  The tell-tale viral signature reflects a set of subtle but robust changes in genes that are activated...

Published on 6 August 2009, 13:35


After dinosaurs, mammals rise but their genomes get smaller

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Evidence buried in the chromosomes of animals and plants strongly suggests only one group -- mammals -- have seen their genomes shrink after the dinosaurs' extinction. What's more, that trend continues today, say Indiana University Bloomington scientists in the...

Published on 27 July 2009, 10:12


Researchers Discover Evolutionary Event Underlying the Origin of Dachshunds, Other Dogs With Short Legs

Surprising Findings May Yield Insights Into Human Developmental Disorders. A single evolutionary event appears to explain the short, curved legs that characterize all of today’s dachshunds, corgis, basset hounds and at least 16 other breeds of dogs, a team led by the National Human Genome...

Published on 16 July 2009, 13:49


Genomes of Parasitic Flatworms Decoded

Information Could Lead to New Treatments for Schistosomiasis.Two international research teams have determined the complete genetic sequences of two species of parasitic flatworms that cause schistosomiasis, a debilitating condition also known as snail fever....

Published on 15 July 2009, 13:02


Baboons, Humans Adapted Similarly to Malaria

Finding Blends Arduous Field Research With Latest Genomics.DURHAM, N.C. -- Evolutionarily speaking, baboons may be our more distant cousins among primates. But when it comes to our experiences with malaria over the course of time, it seems the stories of our two species have followed very similar...

Published on 24 June 2009, 12:50


Study pinpoints novel cancer gene and biomarker

Research underscores need to combine genomics and basic biology in cancer gene hunt.Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists' discovery of a cancer-causing gene — the first in its family to be linked to cancer — demonstrates how the panoramic view of genomics and the close-up...

Published on 24 June 2009, 11:39


Missing genomic "fence posts" explain inactivated tumor suppressor genes in breast cancer

Good fences make good neighbors: Missing genomic "fence posts" explain inactivated tumor suppressor genes in breast cancer.La Jolla, CA-Our genome is a patchwork of neighborhoods that couldn't be more different: Some areas are hustling and bustling with gene activity, while others...

Published on 14 May 2009, 12:16


Extreme Genomics - The genomes of 50 HIV-resistant people may open new doors to understanding disease

Durham, NC -- In the 1970s and 1980s, before safety measures were in place to screen out tainted blood, people with hemophilia were routinely exposed to HIV-infected blood products. Most of those patients became infected and later died of AIDS, but a significant minority – some 20 percent...

Published on 12 May 2009, 15:04


Identification of gene behind form of congenital anemia

The latest electronic edition of the journal Nature Genetics reports the discovery of a new gene responsible for congenital sideroblastic anemia, a rare disease, mainly characterized by the presence of ringed sideroblasts in the patients' bone marrow. This Genome Canada project, co-directed...

Published on 8 May 2009, 08:16


Risk of Autism Tied to Genes that Influence Brain Cell Connections

n three studies, including the most comprehensive study of autism genetics to date, investigators funded in part by the National Institutes of Health have identified common and rare genetic factors that affect the risk of autism spectrum disorders. The...

Published on 28 April 2009, 12:24


U.S. Shorts Critical Animal Research, MSU Scientists Say at Cattle Genome Milestone

EAST LANSING, Mich. — The landmark sequencing of the domestic cattle genome, reported today in the journal Science, could lead to important new findings about health and nutrition, a participating Michigan State University researcher said.Yet inadequate federal funding jeopardizes important...

Published on 23 April 2009, 15:18


Male flower parts responsible for potent grapevine perfume: UBC research

University of British Columbia scientists have traced the fragrant scent of grapevine flowers to pollen grains stored in the anthers, contrary to common perception that petals alone produce perfume.While studying grapes used to produce Cabernet Sauvignon from the Okanagan region of British...

Published on 6 April 2009, 16:07


Cancer Genomics Browser gives cancer researchers a powerful new tool

The UCSC Cancer Genomics Browser uses "heatmaps" as a visual representation to display genomic and clinical data side by side. A Cancer Genomics Browser developed by researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz, provides a new way to visualize and analyze data from studies...

Published on 30 March 2009, 13:48


Compounds that Trigger Beta Cell Replication Identified by JDRF Funded Researchers

February 25, 2009, New York, NY -- Researchers at the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation (GNF) have identified a set of compounds that can trigger the  proliferation of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, using sophisticated high-throughput screening...

Published on 25 February 2009, 11:54


UQ research finds our lifestyle is making us sick

It's not just the climate that is struggling with what humans have done to the modern world, our genes are feeling the pressure as well, according to Professor Greg Gibson's recently published book. In It Takes a Genome: How a Clash Between Our Genes and Modern Life Is Making Us...

Published on 13 February 2009, 01:47


From the Works of Shakespeare to the Genomes of Viruses:

Berkeley Lab Scientists Create A Unique New Tool for Analyzing and Comparing Data What does uncovering the true authorship of plays attributed to Shakespeare have to do with identifying our genetic ancestors or classifying new life forms? All involve the comparative analysis of long sets of...

Published on 11 February 2009, 12:57


Ancestral genome of present-day African great apes and humans underwent burst of DNA sequence duplications

The genome of the evolutionary ancestor of humans and present-day apes underwent a burst of activity in duplicating segments of DNA, according to a study to be published in Nature Feb. 12, the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin's birthday. "The new study shows big differences...

Published on 11 February 2009, 12:48


Study of evolution in Saccharomyces drives the 1000 Genomes Project

A new study uncovers the evolutionary history of the organism that gives us fermented beer and risen bread. Using sequencing technology researchers have, for the first time, shown that humans have tamed yeast on multiple occasions in their history.More dramatically, the research links two...

Published on 11 February 2009, 12:27


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